Три главные теории психологии оказались мистификациями

Содержание
[-]

Зачем ученым это было нужно

В чем была суть мистификаций Стэнфордского тюремного эксперимента, и как другие знаменитые эксперименты, которые глубоко укоренились в учебниках психологии и сознании людей, оказывались всего лишь подтасовкой фактов.

Недавнее расследование французского документалиста Тибо ле Тексье и американского ученого и писателя Бена Блума показало, что результаты одного из основополагающих экспериментов в психологии — проведенного в 1971 году Стэнфордского тюремного эксперимента Филипом Замбардо — оказались сфальсифицированными.

Эксперимент вошел во многие университетские учебники по социальной психологии и бихевиоризму, в популярную культуру, а многие ученые апеллировали к нему, рассказывая о причинах зверств во время Холокоста, пыток в американской тюрьме в Ираке Абу-Грейб или полицейской жестокости в целом.

В тюрьме Зимбардо

В 1971 году молодой профессор Филипп Зимбардо с командой исследователей собрал в подвале психологического факультета Стэнфордского университета макет тюрьмы, в который на несколько дней поселил девять «заключенных» и девять «надзирателей». Роли распределились путем жеребьевки между мужчинами-студентами университетов, найденными через объявление в газете. Эксперимент должен был продлиться две недели, но из-за того, что насилие и психологическое состояние подопытных, как говорилось в изначальных результатах исследования, вышли из-под контроля, эксперимент пришлось остановить через шесть дней.

Всех участников погружали в тюремную атмосферу: «охранникам» раздали специальную форму и дубинки, «заключенных» же внезапно забирали из дома, проводили полный осмотр в соответствии с протоколом со снятием отпечатков, одели в робу.

По данным заключения, молодые люди слишком быстро взяли на себя предписанные роли: «надзиратели» стали излишне жестокими и применяли психическое и физическое насилие к «заключенным», у тех, в свою очередь, развилась излишняя пассивность и наблюдались серьезные проблемы с психикой. Этот эксперимент часто служит примером того, насколько глубоко приписанные социальные роли и различные ситуации влияют на поведение и мироощущение человека.

Эксперимент финансировал Исследовательский центр американского военно-морского флота — начальство пыталось разобраться в причинах регулярных конфликтов между перевозимыми заключенными и тюремной охраной.

Как выяснилось в 2018 году из архивных записей эксперимента, Зимбардо и его группа исследователей провела подробный инструктаж для «надзирателей», напрямую призывая использовать психологическое насилие по отношению к «заключенным» и «создать чувство угнетения» и беспомощности. Как говорится в расшифровках эксперимента, один из лаборантов Зимбардо Дэвид Джаффе предлагал идеи для унижения «заключенных» и настаивал на еще более жестоком отношении. Все это делалось, по словам организаторов, чтобы привлечь внимание СМИ.

Более того, нервный срыв одного из «заключенных» Дугласа Корпи, который стал основанием для выводов Зимбардо, по словам самого участника эксперимента, был сымитирован, чтобы выйти из испытания — ему нужно было готовиться к экзаменам в своем университете. А причина голодовки «заключенного» Клэя Рамзи была связана не с действиями «надзирателей», как преподносилось ранее, а с отношением исследователей, которые отказались отпустить его с эксперимента, после требования это сделать.

Новые данные поднимают этические и легальные вопросы, лежавшие в основе эксперимента. Выводы и поведение людей оказались манипуляцией, а поведение исследователей частично нарушало уголовный кодекс США.

Авторитет, подчинение и удары током

В частичной фабрикации данных уличили другого знаменитого социального психолога, однокурсника Зимбардо Стэнли Милгрэма, который исследовал природу подчинения и повиновения авторитету. Он пытался понять, почему рядовые немцы в период Второй мировой участвовали в массовых убийствах в концлагерях, и сколько боли люди могут причинить другому человеку, если это часть их работы.

В эксперименте 1963 года, который его прославил, Милгрэм изначально вводил испытуемых в заблуждение — якобы он исследовал влияние тока на память. В эксперименте участвовал выступающий в роли «ученика» актер, к которому якобы прикрепляли активные электроды, и независимый испытуемый, который из-за ширмы как «учитель» за каждый неправильный ответ на поставленный вопрос должен был включать электрический разряд. «Учитель» не знал, что «ученик» — актер.

Актер нарочно давал неправильные ответы и имитировал боль от разряда. Сам Милгрэм давал «учителю» указания с каждым последующим неправильным ответом увеличивать мощность разряда, невзирая на протесты и мольбы «ученика» прекратить эксперимент. На панели для «удара током» с шагом в 15 вольт шкала раскинулась от 15 до 450 вольт. Больше половины испытуемых — 26 из 40 — подчинились Милгрэму и выкрутили ручку до конца, еще 14 отказывались продолжать после слез актера. Эксперимент показал, насколько даже абстрактный авторитет может заставлять подавлять волю человека, несмотря на внутренний конфликт.

Как выяснили в конце 2017 года двое ученых из американского и немецкого университетов после детального прочтения интервью участников эксперимента, которые были записаны сразу же после, 72% выкрутивших ручку испытуемых знали о том, что на самом деле они не причиняют боль. Об этом они догадались сами — «никто бы не позволил» бить настолько сильным разрядом живого человека, и кто-то посчитал сам эксперимент неубедительным.

Все эти интервью не учитывались в подготовке выводов эксперимента. Таким образом, Милгрэм пренебрег тем, что люди полностью понимали, что их обманывают, и просто играли на публику. Это доказывает, отмечают в Британском психологическом сообществе, что результаты, которые описал Милгрэм, не объясняют природу подчинения авторитету и представляют совсем иное исследование.

Попкорн и 25-й кадр

Несмотря на то, что одна из самых мистифицированных теорий о влиянии на подсознание человека — 25-м кадре — была признана полностью сфабрикованной, в том числе и самим автором, она до сих пор остается одной из самых популярных в конспирологии до сегодняшнего дня и используется маркетологами и псевдопсихологами.

В 1957 году американский маркетолог и исследователь Джеймс Викари опубликовал исследование, в котором утверждал, что добился уникальных результатов после эксперимента в одном из кинотеатров Нью-Джерси. Во время показа фильма второй проектор со скоростью 1/3000 секунды показывал «Ешь попкорн», «Пей Кока-колу». По данным Викари, эта техника помогла увеличить продажи попкорна в кинотеатре на 58% и напитков на 18%.

Вскоре после того, как эксперимент прославил Викари, он расширил свою компанию и начал сотрудничать с крупными фирмами — делал для них сублиминальную рекламу, как он сам это называл. Попутно с бизнес-успехом Викари его резко начали критиковать в научном сообществе за недостаток данных и расплывчатость формулировок, а в Америке началась истерия, что сознанием людей может кто-то управлять без их согласия. Позже выяснилось, что директор кинотеатра, в котором Викари якобы проводил эксперименты, даже не слышал его имени. Под давлением общественности в 1962 году Викари признался, что все данные он выдумал, а эксперимента вовсе не было. Все было сделано для того, чтобы спасти его стремительно банкротившийся бизнес.

В течение нескольких десятилетий ученые различных исследовательских институтов в Канаде, Великобритании и США пытались повторить эксперимент Викари, но пришли к выводам, что мозг успевает зарегистрировать показанную информацию, но не воспринимает ее как прямое указание к действию или изменению в поведении или мыслях.

Несмотря на то, что сублиминальная реклама подавляющим большинством ученых признана неэффективной, в мире продолжают плодиться конспирологические теории, выпускаться материалы с «25-м кадром» для лечения различных болезней, например, алкоголизма, а несколько стран и вовсе приняли законы, которые запрещают использование этой техники.

 


Об авторе
[-]

Автор: веб-сайт "Настоящее Время"

Источник: argumentua.com

Добавил:   venjamin.tolstonog


Дата публикации: 27.08.2018. Просмотров: 820

Комментарии
[-]
 WilliamBurton | 31.08.2018, 13:16 #
That is, the best leaders process more data all the more correctly. They "process" a choice by evaluating dangers exactly, measuring potential prizes, and afterward acting in view of the harmony between them. The ability to reason along these lines enhances as individuals mature. coursework service uk | SpeedyCoursework
 Kristin | 25.09.2018, 11:07 #
Are you worried about your essay? No doubt our essay writer UK strictly follow this while preparing the papers. Thus, when you get the help of our essay writers, you can expect to get original.
 Lucy Anderson | 26.09.2018, 11:16 #
We understand students cannot afford to buy assignment online at an expensive rate. They search for cheap writing services in the UK. We are the one that provides cheap assignment help without compromising on the quality of the paper. This means students can purchase professionally written top-quality assignments online at the cheapest price. 
 McCall | 05.10.2018, 10:30 #
If you're absolutely clueless about how to start a personal statement or struggling to write the right set of words due to poor writing skill, our personal statement writing service can provide the essential personal statement for college So why are you still waiting? Visit MyAssignmenthelp.com, and receive valuable academic help from the experts today.Our online study help services differ greatly than others. It is not because we provide online study assistance in an exact manner that students want in UK  
 johnalbert | 06.10.2018, 06:38 #
you may surprise why there are such a lot of special Do my homework psychology perspectives and whether one approach is correct and others incorrect. maximum psychologists could agree that nobody angle is accurate.
 Assignment Help | 08.10.2018, 06:08 #
This post is not just informative but impressive also. The post is so convincing that it created an urge to choose [b]Assignment Help[/b] services. You can email us at [email protected] or Phone Number: +61-2-8005-8227
 Coursework Help | 09.10.2018, 07:38 #
I really happy found this website eventually. Really informative and inoperative! Thanks for the post and effort! Please keep sharing more such article. I've really like your blog and inspire me in many ways. We have already set a high standard for coursework help.
 Andrew | 12.10.2018, 07:16 #
Get the best assignment help services from the exert writers at Myassignmenthelp. We have a team of expert writers who deliver all the academic writing services before the deadline.
 james stephens | 24.10.2018, 05:53 #
In given timeframe you will recieve plagiarism free assignment solutions from our top notch homework helper, We are committed to provide you help you in every condition and we have team of expert writers for homewor help.
 andrew symond | 24.10.2018, 11:45 #
Finish your Essay Writing Help on time at nominal price from our experts online essay writers who can solve our any essay related query. Hire economic writing experts to submit your essay writing help and focus on your academic curriculum activities.
 Pankaj | 02.11.2018, 09:02 #
Thanks for sharing such a nice blog, there are some ideas to think about that.
Europe Honeymoon Packages
 sienawilliam | 30.11.2018, 09:06 #
Writing academic documents is a task most students prefer to leave up to the subject matter experts. This is because most of them are complex and comprehensive, the research for which consumes a large portion of their valuable time. During higher studies in colleges, students often have to prepare multiple documents, quizzes and surprise tests. This is the main reason why most students search for assignment help over the internet and choose only the most proficient and trusted academic writing experts. The increasing importance of writing assignments has prompted students to take a helping hand from assignment writing services. During higher studies in colleges, students often have to prepare multiple documents, quizzes and surprise tests. This is the main reason why most students search for online assignment help over the internet and choose only the most proficient and trusted academic writing experts. An assignment of IT is a scope to dig out new information and uncover the facts which could be a parallel study along with implanting it by creating new area of IT application. With My Assignment Services’ resume writing services Australia, you can get your resume written by professional experts who have served as the recruiting managers in the most reputed organizations around the world. There are different types of reports that can be written for various purposes such as documenting experiments and testing it; presenting solutions to a problem; providing on recommendations etc.
 Mobile App Development Company | 11.12.2018, 07:17 #
Thanks for sharing this very diverse opinion post where each expert has shared his best knowledge on the Mobile App Development Company.
 jack jons | 12.12.2018, 11:48 #
 I am extremely impressed with your writing talents and also with the format in your blog. Keep it up, today the nice high-quality writing is rare to find like this one. outlook support
 jack jons | 12.12.2018, 11:49 #
Thanks for the informative article. This is one of the best resources I have found in quite some time. Nicely written and great info, I really thank you for sharing it. Looking forward read more, great article. I value the post, really looking forward to read more. Roadrunner email problems
 Homework Help | 15.12.2018, 10:43 #
This is an awesome motivating article! It is well-written and contains all the info, your Post is very unique and all information is reliable for new readers. We are an online homework help providers to USA students and all over the world. Thanks!! Keep Sharing :)
Here you can check: <a href="http://www.mycoursehelp.com/homework-help/"> homework help</a> 
 Assignment Help | 28.12.2018, 09:53 #
This post is a pool of information. The readers are quite impressed after reading this impressive post. This impressive post certainly encourages to choose Assignment Help Australia Services. You can email us at [email protected] or Phone Number: +61-2-8005-8227
 My Assignment Help | 04.01.2019, 11:26 #
Such an impressive share! It is well-written and contains all the info, your Post is very unique and all information is reliable for new readers. I have truly enjoyed reading your own points of view and I agree with you for the most part. Contact us for professional my assignment help services and we assured higher grades!!
Here you can check:My Assignment Help
ava
No nick | 11.01.2019, 10:03 #
The above information you shared give me a new look at this topic. I am working as a full-time academic writer in myassignmentHelpsg providing [b]Assignment Help[/b] Singapore services to college students.
 daniel smith | 25.01.2019, 11:21 #
I am happy to find your distinguished way of writing the post. Now you make it easy for me to understand and implement the concept. Thank you for the post. django jacket
 Deanna Williams | 28.01.2019, 05:36 #
We are famous in the leather industry with our best quality of AX Men Jacket leather and its stuff we are providing service from all over the world with shipping specially free shipping in the USA, CANADA, AUSTRALIA, and the UK we have our official website from where you are placing your order in a discount price so visit our website which is https://www.buymoviejackets.com/
 Eva Levin | 28.01.2019, 10:52 #
If you have been experiencing situations like this and have been searching for some help with the thought, “Can anyone write my essay for me?” MyAssignmenthelp.com can emerge as a ray of hope for your academic career. 
 Lily Jacob | 01.02.2019, 08:04 #
Nice blog provide,thanks for the sharing these wonder full article it is really very use full for us great stuff post Case Study Final Projects
 Lillian Ethan | 01.02.2019, 11:37 #
Awesome article,i have got very help full blog,i was really inspire your article such a wonder full work done dude Capital Budgeting Assignment Help Online..
 Anisha | 04.02.2019, 10:54 #
Thanks for sharing this information
lehenga on rent in delhi
 Assignment Help | 06.02.2019, 12:04 #
The above information you shared give me a new look at this topic. I am working as a full-time academic writer in myassignmentHelpsg providing Assignment Help Singapore services to college students.
 Micheal Dawson | 13.02.2019, 12:15 #
One day you are on the top! your posts are so helpfull peoples learn many things from your blog. your blog is too appreciatable..
rogue one jacket
 andrew symond | 14.02.2019, 11:17 #
Premium quality essay writing help services are available at SingaporeAssignmentHelp.com for all the students in Singapore. Our team of experts work according to students need and complete their work accurately.
 Nice | 19.02.2019, 07:24 #
I agree with what you share. It will be very useful information for everyone. Hope your next posts are as well
router login
 John Miller | 21.02.2019, 05:40 #
I would like to pay my gratitude to you for sharing such an interesting and informative blog. Now, I would like to induce your attention to one of the leading mobile application development company which excels in providing a wide range of Android and iOS app development services at affordable cost.
 kislly | 23.02.2019, 03:01 #
I have VERY sensitive earrings. I always have to wear sterling silver or gold which leads to me not wearing earrings too often due to the pricey-ness of the earrings I need.
I decided to give these a try. Before these, I barely had worn earrings in the past year or two so I was completely expecting my ears to be so irritated and red like they normally get. Well, I let the earrings sit in rubbing alcohol for half an hour and then put them in. Truly expecting the worst because I had to repierce one of my second holes with one of the earrings. (Whoops). I was waiting for these to make my ears angry and painful. THEY NEVER DID!! It was amazing! I did not have a reaction to these. I have been wearing them for a month now and they have not changed colors. The backs are actually pretty decent. Normally when I’m sleeping the back falls off. They haven’t yet! And the post is not too long! So I am actually able to keep these in through the night without stabbing the side of my head. If you are looking for cute little every day studs, get these!
 goldmoral | 23.02.2019, 06:23 #
These are my new daily elevator shoes. I worn at a bank, so being able to look professional and function as well is a must. These shoes fit the bill quite right. The texture is really unique and the fit and comfort is beyond compare. Quite honestly this is one of the best shoes I've own. My only warning is be mindful of scuffing, the shoes look terrible after a scuff.
 Sudah | 06.03.2019, 08:09 #
this is my first experience in the world of blogs, greetings and ask for help and advice Riyadul Ulum
 kajian | 06.03.2019, 17:15 #
Thank you for what you have written, this is very useful, maybe other times I will visit back to see the writing of your work Doa Qunut
 jahapana | 07.03.2019, 11:19 #
thanks for doing such amazing work, I am also trying to give value to my users who are looking to download games APK
 trump | 07.03.2019, 11:20 #
You always put an extra effort for your users, do also visit my blog on reverse osmosis system  
 FiSwitch on PC | 12.03.2019, 08:28 #
thanks for sharing it i found it so amazing FiSwitch on PC
 Essay writing services | 14.03.2019, 06:07 #
Excellent and nice post. It will beneficial for everyone. Thanks for sharing such a wonderful post. Avail No 1 Essay writing services UK from certified PhD writers. It is extremely helpful for me. You can email us at [email protected] or Phone Number - 020 8144 9988 
ava
No nick | 15.03.2019, 10:14 #
Get the best essay writing service by profound writers of MyAssignmenthelpAu at pocket friendly price. We are available 24*7 to assist you in every possible way. For further details on academic assessment email us at [email protected] or Phone Number: +61-2-8005-8227.
 Mike Rooney | 21.03.2019, 10:43 #
The nice thing about political blogs quite a stir. Just make a post that Global Warming is a myth and watch your blog explode on your site and you make money every time a visitor Den Of Thieves Gerard Butler Jacket
 Mike Rooney | 21.03.2019, 10:45 #
Really need help on the low post whch Przybilla can provide...very consistent high % scoring, nice reb, and underrated defense and young Johnson with excellent potential. The Blazers.
Den Of Thieves Gerard Butler Jacket
 James | 24.03.2019, 19:43 #
Some of you might want to know what is the best professional resume writing service omaha. ResumeYard is the one which stands out among the others. It provides resume writing services for many years. So far, thousands of job seeker successfully landed their dream job and you can be the next.
Don't miss your chance to lift your life on the next level with a new and better job. We strongly believe you deserve it.
 SahibKumarKhan | 28.03.2019, 03:50 #
<a href="http://laptops-under-20000.wikidot.com">Laptop Under 20000</a>
<a href="http://laptops-under-30000.wikidot.com">Laptop Under 30000</a>
<a href="http://laptops-under-60000.wikidot.com">Laptop Under 60000</a>
<a href="http://laptops-under-50000.wikidot.com/">Laptop Under 50000</a>
<a href="http://phones-under-15000.wikidot.com">Phone Under 15000</a>
<a href="http://phones-under-5000.wikidot.com/">Phone Under 5000</a>
<a href="http://laptops-under-40000.wikidot.com/">Laptop Under 40000</a>
<a href="http://earphones-under-1000.wikidot.com">Earphone Under 1000</a>
<a href="http://phones-under-8000.wikidot.com">Phone Under 8000</a>
<a href="http://phones-under-rs-5000.wikidot.com/">Phone Under 5000</a>
 david230 | 30.03.2019, 04:53 #
I am David tylor. I am an Fashion content writer and editor, associated with GotoAssignmentHelp for a decade. GotoAssignmentHelp is leading plagiarism free assignment writing help in Australia. We provide customized assignment help service.We are leading the market for more than a decade now and have acquired the name of being the best academic help service for our comprehensive services at pocket-friendly rates.


Need Assignment Help?

[url= https://www.gotoassignmenthelp.com/programm...elp/javascript/ ]Javascript Programming assignment Experts online[/url]
[url= https://www.gotoassignmenthelp.com/programming-help/c++/ ]Online C++ Programming Assignment Help[/url]
[url= https://www.gotoassignmenthelp.com/programming-help/ ] online programming language assignments help [/url]
[url= https://www.gotoassignmenthelp.com/programming-help/c-sharp/ ]C# homework assignment Help[/url]


Writing academic documents is a task most students prefer to leave up to the subject matter experts. This is because most of them are complex and comprehensive, the research for which consumes a large portion of their valuable time. During higher studies in colleges, students often have to prepare multiple documents, quizzes, and surprise tests. This is the main reason why most students search for assignment help over the internet and choose only the most proficient and trusted academic writing experts.

[url= https://www.gotoassignmenthelp.com/homework-help/ ]help with my homework[/url]
[url= https://www.gotoassignmenthelp.com/research-paper-help/ ]research paper help[/url]
[url= https://www.gotoassignmenthelp.com/programming-help/java/ ]core java Programming assignments Help[/url]
[url= https://www.gotoassignmenthelp.com/programming-help/php/ ]PHP Programming Assignment Experts[/url]
[url= http://gotodissertationhelp.co.uk/nursing-dissertation-help/ ]nursing dissertation writing service in UK [/url]
[url= http://gotodissertationhelp.co.uk/finance-dissertation-help/ ]finance dissertation writing services in UK [/url]
[url= https://www.gotoessayhelp.co.uk/cheap-essay-writing/ ] cheap essay writing service [/url]

[url= https://www.gotodissertationhelp.co.uk/fina...sertation-help/ ] finance dissertation help online [/url]

[url= https://www.gotodissertationhelp.co.uk/nurs...sertation-help/ ] nursing dissertation writing service [/url]


The increasing importance of writing assignments has prompted students to take a helping hand from assignment writing services. During higher studies in colleges, students often have to prepare multiple documents, quizzes and surprise tests. This is the main reason why most students search for assignment help Australia over the internet and choose only the most proficient and trusted academic writing experts. An assignment of IT is a scope to dig out new information and uncover the facts which could be a parallel study along with implanting it by creating new area of IT application. He starts disliking his school or college. Therefore, it is advisable for students to seek professional law assignment helps. Experience the best marketing assignment services at Australian Assignment Help with its quality my assignment helper well qualified from major universities. Get Online Assignment Helper Service by Professional Writers.

[url= https://www.gotoassignmenthelp.com/assignme...ies/psychology/ ]psychology assignment help online[/url]    
[url= https://www.gotoassignmenthelp.com/assignme...human-resource/ ]hr assignment help[/url]
[url= https://www.gotoassignmenthelp.com/]online assignment help[/url]    
[url= https://www.gotoassignmenthelp.com/assignme...ent-assignment/ ]make my management assignment[/url]


[url= https://www.gotoassignmenthelp.com/programming-help/matlab/ ] online matlab assignment help [/url]

[url= https://www.gotoassignmenthelp.com/ae/ ] assignment writing help uae [/url]
[url= https://www.gotoassignmenthelp.com/ae/assig...ing-help-dubai/ ] assignment help dubai [/url]

[url= https://www.gotoassignmenthelp.com/cdr-help/ ] online cdr writing services australia [/url]
 Suhani Gupta | 01.04.2019, 06:19 #
It is a amazing post. I really appreciate this wonderful post that you shared with us. Lot's of information to read! Check out: Daily Singles Love Horoscope
 Zoro | 02.04.2019, 08:25 #
I have not checked in here for a while as I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are really good quality so I guess I will add you back to my daily bloglist.
Also see how to Secure your kids with best parental control software.
 Madhushala Poem Lyrics | 02.04.2019, 08:26 #
Hi Buddy, Your Blog' S Design Is Simple And Clean And I Like It. Your Blog Posts About on trending topic. Please Keep Them Coming. Greets!!
this is a very nice site, I really love it .Read Madhushala Poem Lyrics.
 jaipurdentalimplants | 02.04.2019, 08:26 #
This Is Great Information For Students. This Article Is Very Helpful I Really Like This Blog Thanks.
Dentist in malviya nagar jaipur
 ekdantamclinic | 02.04.2019, 08:27 #
I'm Getting Excited About This Kind Of Beneficial Information Of Your Stuff In The Future.
Best Dentist in India.
 Kathey | 04.04.2019, 14:08 #
It's really an informative and helpful piece of info. Also, I have shared your site in my social networks! For more info visit Uninstall ByteFence anti malware
 Mike Rooney | 05.04.2019, 12:43 #
It is a good article and I agree with what is said BUT there are.Red Baywatch Jacket
 bytefence | 09.04.2019, 15:02 #
very nice post What is ByteFence
 sojib sk | 09.04.2019, 15:04 #
helpful and best post prayertimes-nyc
 osrs | 09.04.2019, 15:05 #
best post osrs money
 apk | 09.04.2019, 15:06 #
wow now me bookmarking apk 
 jon | 10.04.2019, 06:36 #
nice post we are here number check internet pak 
 Kaitlyn John | 10.04.2019, 06:47 #
Thank you for posting this article, it was really helpfull. Great Article.
transformice
ava
No nick | 12.04.2019, 03:25 #
Matte iPhone 7 Plus Case
You don’t want to go out and spend your cash on an application or game that is useless without researching it first.
 mariamith | 14.04.2019, 16:22 #
Each expert is chosen after rigorous testing and has to prove his academic credentials. Online Assignment help Australia being one of the most active Online assignment help websites has a pool of over 4500+ experts by Assignment Help Australia, UK and US. They are highly qualified and skilled professional writers who have vast experience in writing assignments, dissertations, essays, research papers, term papers etc. 
 IPHONGTHUYNET | 16.04.2019, 09:19 #
https://www.instagram.com/iphongthuy/
thank you so much
im website: IPHONGTHUYNET
 Zoro | 18.04.2019, 06:40 #
Hi, yeѕ this article is ցenuinely fastidіous and I have lеarned lot of things from it on the topic of blogging. tһanks. Read my blog On #1 Free Antivirus App for Android Phone.
 Mike Rooney | 18.04.2019, 10:51 #
Excellent article. The writing style which you have used in this article is very good and it made the article of better quality. Thank you so much for this informative post.Captain Marvel Brown Jacket
 Zoro | 19.04.2019, 11:14 #
This particular blog is obviously interesting as well as amusing. I have discovered a bunch of handy tips out of this source. I ad love to visit it over and over again. Read about Parental Control App for Time Schedule.
 webfandom | 19.04.2019, 11:20 #
Great site and a great topic as well I really get amazed to read this. It’s really good. Read How to maintain mobile screen time for kids good Health..
wow... what a great blog, this writter who wrote this article it's realy a great blogger, this article so inspiring me to be a better person. Read My blog on ways to Increase Social Media Engagement.
 David Millar | 19.04.2019, 18:21 #
I only see where this shows that one particular person shouldn't be allowed to adopt but there's nothing here. adoption is wrong. You're obviously bored and are looking to find. Avengers Endgame Captain America Jacket
 buy aaron paul getty suit | 29.04.2019, 08:11 #
Appreciated perusing the article above This article is followed by many people to find reviews.buy aaron paul getty suit every post needed for understanding your? website shared new concepts. Then all the people enjoyed with the great values and pages.
 Jeorld Smith | 02.05.2019, 06:13 #
Excellent information on your blog, thanks for sharing with us. It's nice to find a website the details so much information about different artists. Check: 3 Love Tarot Spread
 wolflarsen | 03.05.2019, 06:46 #
If you gotta do you math homework but you can't, I would recommend you the service I use always
in those cases, here is it, do my math work. Pretty sweet prices here and guys work quickly
professional university essay
 sunil | 11.05.2019, 10:44 #
 jorgemichael | 12.05.2019, 17:48 #
Lovely Web page, Stick to the excellent work. Thanks a lot!
Avengers Endgame Jacket

    
 John | 14.05.2019, 07:25 #
I wanted to thank you for this excellent read!! I definitely loved every little bit of it. I have you bookmarked your site to check out the new stuff you post.
Read about Parental Control Apps for Kid’s.
 John | 14.05.2019, 07:38 #
Love this article! I learned a lot of valuable stuff here. Thanks and keep sharing brilliant tips. Read my blog on WHY DENTAL IMPLANT FAILURE HAPPENS.
 techrounder | 14.05.2019, 07:39 #
I have just bookmarked this post as it is going to take me some time to go through all the information you have compiled! As I am in this field I know I will find some very valuable advice and information that can only help! Read My blog on Digital Marketing Tips For Small Business
 techrounder | 14.05.2019, 07:39 #
I really enjoyed reading your article here, thanks for the good insight and keep posting more! Get The List of Health Benefits of Dental Implants
 panistefanin | 21.05.2019, 14:44 #
192.168.0.1
Os doy las gracias por la información! Yo estaba buscando y no podía encontrar. Usted me ayudó!
 Assignment help | 27.05.2019, 11:10 #
GoAssignmentHelp provides assignment help for graduate students at a reasonable price. We supply the best service to write my assignment for me and deliver original content which is free from plagiarism. So, students can achieve academic success with us.
 duas in islam | 30.05.2019, 19:10 #
The best dua for get love back the best and powerfull duas in islam will get your love back in your love.
 Ethan Lee | 01.06.2019, 10:51 #
Myassignmenthelp.com have the worlds best dissertation writer, you can call or mail to hire them to submit a stearling dissertation, also, if you already wrote your dissertation and but you are in some doubt, then you don't need to worry as you can also hire our dissertation editors for proofreading services
 Jennifer Brown | 03.06.2019, 13:05 #
Each of the dissertation tutor online dissertation tutor UK has a strong academic background. With a Ph.D. degree in their respective subject, they have also successfully completed a special training program. The training program has enriched their skills and sharpened their qualities.  My Assignment help.com provides dissertation proposal writing tutorial to teach and assist the students to make impeccable dissertation proposals.
 Oliver Smith | 06.06.2019, 13:04 #
We are proud of our best assignmenthelp Australia experts because of their dedication providing continuous support to students by helping them meet deadlines and scoring better grades. We understand how important academic assessments are in developing a student's career and future opportunities this is why we take extreme measures to ensure that all our solutions are best-in-class. All students looking for assignment help Singapore can reach us and avail the best online matlab assignment help  from our academic experts.
Our primary motive is not only to provide you with the best help but also to make your journey smooth. The increasing importance of writing assignments has prompted students to take a helping hand from assignment writing services. During higher studies in colleges, students often have to prepare multiple documents, quizzes, and surprise tests. This is the main reason why most students search for assignment help australia over the internet and choose only the most proficient and trusted academic writing experts.
 David Millar | 11.06.2019, 09:02 #
I was reading the provided article with a great interest! This post is useful and informative.Film Jackets
 Jack Jonas | 12.06.2019, 12:20 #
The standard of academics has gotten to an incredible level in the universities or colleges of Singapore. Unfortunately, not every student is can deal with too much academic pressure, especially the ones who are new to the higher education system in Singapore. But our paper writing services make it look so easy for them. And that is one of the best things about our tailor-made services for all subjects and levels of study.
At MyAssignmenthelp.com, our expert writers provide the best paper help for all subjects with insightful information for all papers. 
 Mike Rooney | 14.06.2019, 13:23 #
Most of the latino students esp 1st and the student. certain issue. but some of these kids and possibly some of the worst safety in school that most other kids. Quantum Realm Leather Jacket
 james | 19.06.2019, 13:49 #
Sample Assignment is one of the most liked and trusted assignment help service provider because of the top notch services it provides to its clients. The experts possess extensive knowledge in their disciplines and have years of experience in assignment writing. Students get 24/7 chat support option to enquire about their problems and the chat support team replies them back in the blink of an eye. Visit sample assignment to get highest grades without making any effort. Assignment for students can be defined as a task given by educator which has to be prepared by the students after their class. The intention of giving any assignment is to develop academic skills of student, however they encounter a lot of problems while writing such huge assignments. These problems lead them to opt for management assignment help. Sample Assignment analyzed this major problem of students and decided to provide them help through assignment help Australia. We have hundreds of experts who possess extensive knowledge in every discipline. Our sui generis services make us one of the best academic service providers in the market. We constantly aim to oust the problems that students face while preparing any assignment with help of our assignment provider in Australia.  
 fashion jackets | 21.06.2019, 21:34 #

Be that as it may, skins of different creatures like ostrich, pigs, bucks, reptiles can likewise be utilized for assembling cowhide coats.

<a href=” https://fashionvisionjackets.com/”> fashion jackets  </a>
 Jack Simpson | 05.07.2019, 03:42 #
Thanks for sharing this excellent blog which is really cool to read.
the impossible quiz 
 review of binary 5 | 12.07.2019, 10:29 #
Binary Today 5 did the impossible. It changed the way that I feel about 5 minute expiry time trading. Refer to review of binary 5 for more information.
 Nursing Essay Writing Services | 15.07.2019, 12:45 #
When seeking our nursing writing services ensure you provide all necessary information the writer need to complete the nursing paper. This is also equally important to provide the writer with all information needed to complete informative speech paper.
https://www.meldaresearch.com/5099custom-nu...-essay-writers/ 
 Online Research Paper Writer | 16.07.2019, 06:45 #
The good <a href="https://researchpapers247.com/"> online research paper writer </a> companies satisfy clients’ needs. When seeking for <a href="https://topessaywriting.com/"> custom research paper writing service</a>, learners should be very carefully go through the website’s content.If the content is carefully written, then learners should know that the company is legitimate.
ava
carlssonthilde34 | 16.07.2019, 11:59 #
Hi! I am Thilde Carlsson, accessible all day and night to offer my assistance to the needy ones who are encountering issues related to their Microsoft. So, when on earth, you experience something wrong with your Microsoft product then you can dial Microsoft Support Phone Number at anytime to make contact with me.
Outlook support phone number 
 starlin | 18.07.2019, 12:46 #
A few truly amazing articles on this internet site, thanks for contribution. it is extremely beneficial for me. Find Latest Technology News with Updates and Reviews at TechPout
 forex steam nine review | 19.07.2019, 09:30 #
Forex Steam nine review, my favorite of all trading systems is fresh and new with an update built to take profits to a whole new level. I’m proud to be a supporter of this talented development team and today I’ll be telling you everything you need to know.
 Sofia Carter | 20.07.2019, 13:04 #
Nice Post!!...
Are you dealing with the negative functioning of your HP printer? If yes, then don’t worry. We are here to resolve your issue. Sometimes, HP printer may encounter several issues that are very irritating. In that situation, contact <strong><a href="https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/">HP Printer Support</a></strong> where experts will resolve your issue and try to solve it out in no time.</br> 
<strong>View More Information:-</strong> <a href="https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/">https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/</a></br>
<strong>View Our Blog:-</strong> <a href="https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/blog/resolve-printers-printing-and-hp-printer-setup-issues/">https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/blog/resolve-printers-printing-and-hp-printer-setup-issues/</a></br>
<a href="https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/">HP Printers Support</a> !! <a href="https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/">HP Printer Support Phone Number</a>  !! <a href="https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/">Contact HP Support</a> !! <a href="https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/">HP Printer Support Number</a>
!! <a href="https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/">HP Phone Number</a> !! <a href="https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/">HP Support Number</a> !! <a href="https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/my-hp-printer-is-offline">HP Keeps Going Offline</a> !!
<a href="https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/my-hp-printer-is-offline">My HP Printer Keeps Going Offline</a> !! <a href="https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/my-hp-printer-is-offline">Printer Keeps Going Offline</a> !! <a href="https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/my-hp-printer-is-offline">HP Printer Says Offline</a> !! <a href="https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/my-hp-printer-is-offline">Printer Says Offline</a> !! <a href="https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/my-hp-printer-is-offline">My Printer Is Offline</a> !! <a href="https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/my-hp-printer-is-offline">How To Get Printer Online</a> !! <a href="https://www.hpprintersupportpro.com/my-hp-printer-is-offline">HP Printer Is Offline</a></br>
<a href="https://www.theselfemployed.com/profile/sofia120/">https://www.theselfemployed.com/profile/sofia120/</a></br>
<a href="https://community.cbr.com/member.php?103771-sofia120">https://community.cbr.com/member.php?103771-sofia120</a></br>
<a href="https://www.techinferno.com/index.php?/profile/59707-sofia120/">https://www.techinferno.com/index.php?/profile/59707-sofia120/</a></br>
<a href="https://www.christiantranshumanism.org/users/584">https://www.christiantranshumanism.org/users/584</a></br>
<a href="https://www.titantalk.com/members/sofia120.314535/#about">https://www.titantalk.com/members/sofia120.314535/#about</a></br>
<a href="http://s220058662.websitehome.co.uk/people/sofia120">http://s220058662.websitehome.co.uk/people/sofia120</a></br>
<a href="https://git.laquadrature.net/sofia120">https://git.laquadrature.net/sofia120</a></br>
<a href="https://hawaii50-fanpage.pfweb.eu/forum/user-796.html">https://hawaii50-fanpage.pfweb.eu/forum/user-796.html</a></br>
<a href="https://www.workerscompensation.com/forums/general/member.php?action=profile&uid=17896">https://www.workerscompensation.com/forums/general/member.php?action=profile&uid=17896</a></br>
<a href="http://woow.us.lt/user-sofia120">http://woow.us.lt/user-sofia120</a></br>
<a href="http://www.thescrappingbug.com/gallery/member.php?uid=1073">http://www.thescrappingbug.com/gallery/member.php?uid=1073</a></br>
<a href="http://pokeone.wolfycraft.eu/member.php?action=profile&uid=2530">http://pokeone.wolfycraft.eu/member.php?action=profile&uid=2530</a></br>
<a href="https://gamingproject.eu/members/sofia120/profile/">https://gamingproject.eu/members/sofia120/profile/</a></br>
<a href="http://forum.sweetblue.io/user/sofia120">http://forum.sweetblue.io/user/sofia120</a></br>
<a href="https://club.lameilleuresolution.com/membres/sofia120/profile/">https://club.lameilleuresolution.com/membres/sofia120/profile/</a></br>
<a href="http://www.praktikum-dubai.de/dubai-forum/profile.php?mode=viewprofile&u=1399">http://www.praktikum-dubai.de/dubai-forum/profile.php?mode=viewprofile&u=1399</a></br>
<a href="https://www.picsartpassion.de/mitglieder/sofia120/profile/">https://www.picsartpassion.de/mitglieder/sofia120/profile/</a></br>
<a href="https://www.naturainfoto.it/membri/sofia120/">https://www.naturainfoto.it/membri/sofia120/</a></br>
<a href="https://anchor.fm/printersupportpro">https://anchor.fm/printersupportpro</a></br>
<a href="http://www.sthda.com/english/user/profile/2520">http://www.sthda.com/english/user/profile/2520</a></br>
<a href="https://euro-math-soc.eu/users/sofia-carter">https://euro-math-soc.eu/users/sofia-carter</a></br>
<a href="https://answer.tecnoandroid.it/index.php?qa=user&qa_1=sofia120">https://answer.tecnoandroid.it/index.php?qa=user&qa_1=sofia120</a></br>
<a href="https://gamingcentral.in/members/sofia120/">https://gamingcentral.in/members/sofia120/</a></br>
<a href="http://www.gamesfort.net/profile/27517/sofia120.html">http://www.gamesfort.net/profile/27517/sofia120.html</a></br>
<a href="http://pafoic.org/forums/users/sofia120/">http://pafoic.org/forums/users/sofia120/</a></br>
<a href="https://www.pckitcj.com/user/editDone/4070.page">https://www.pckitcj.com/user/editDone/4070.page</a></br>    
<a href="https://www.techinferno.com/index.php?/forums/topic/12864-process-of-connect-printer-offline-windows-10/">https://www.techinferno.com/index.php?/forums/topic/12864-process-of-connect-printer-offline-windows-10/</a></br>
<a href="https://git.laquadrature.net/snippets/1077">https://git.laquadrature.net/snippets/1077</a></br>
<a href="https://hawaii50-fanpage.pfweb.eu/forum/thread-1888.html">https://hawaii50-fanpage.pfweb.eu/forum/thread-1888.html</a></br>
<a href="https://www.workerscompensation.com/forums/general/showthread.php?tid=17884">https://www.workerscompensation.com/forums/general/showthread.php?tid=17884</a></br>
<a href="http://wu-world.com/forum/topics/process-of-connect-printer-offline-windows-10">http://wu-world.com/forum/topics/process-of-connect-printer-offline-windows-10</a></br>
<a href="http://www.twingotuningforum.de/thread-40800.html">http://www.twingotuningforum.de/thread-40800.html</a></br>
<a href="https://ideas.x-cart.com/forums/229428-x-cart-5-x/suggestions/38174494-process-of-connect-printer-offline-windows-10">https://ideas.x-cart.com/forums/229428-x-cart-5-x/suggestions/38174494-process-of-connect-printer-offline-windows-10</a></br>
<a href="http://www.canalb.fr/forum/read.php?1,4704">http://www.canalb.fr/forum/read.php?1,4704</a></br>
<a href="http://pokeone.wolfycraft.eu/showthread.php?tid=15207">http://pokeone.wolfycraft.eu/showthread.php?tid=15207</a></br>
<a href="http://forum.sweetblue.io/topic/54/process-of-connect-printer-offline-windows-10">http://forum.sweetblue.io/topic/54/process-of-connect-printer-offline-windows-10</a></br>
<a href="http://pafoic.org/forums/topic/how-to-resolve-hp-printer-offline-error-in-wired-and-wireless-printer/">http://pafoic.org/forums/topic/how-to-resolve-hp-printer-offline-error-in-wired-and-wireless-printer/</a></br>
<a href="https://www.pckitcj.com/posts/list/0/514.page">https://www.pckitcj.com/posts/list/0/514.page</a>

 Buy an Essay Online Cheap | 22.07.2019, 12:24 #
Look for best college paper writing servicethat guarantee your research proficiency. Seek our research paper writers for hire that will provide you competent top writers with excellent research abilities.

 Top 10 Best Games | 26.07.2019, 07:06 #
Your blog is filled with unique good articles! I was impressed how well you express your thoughts.
Top 10 Best Games
 Andrew Jackson | 26.07.2019, 10:54 #
Are you rid of virus in your system don't worry [b]Norton technical support[/b] will help you in installation, renewal and extend subscription and more Norton will help in synchronous your data.

 Andrew Jackson | 26.07.2019, 10:55 #
Are you rid of virus in your system don't worry Norton technical support will help you in installation, renewal and extend subscription and more Norton will help in synchronous your data.
 Lisa | 26.07.2019, 13:49 #
Informative article and looking ahead to analyzing more. I'm hoping it is going to be useful for too many people who are searching for this topic. We have more for you. Click here Best PC Optimizer Software For Windows & PC Optimizer Software
 Joe Gracia | 31.07.2019, 07:36 #
When students don’t have enough time to complete their assignments or homework, they search for online homework help. In that case, they can get instant help from expert writers of myassignmenthelp.com to when they request to pay someone to do my homework for me. The life of a student involves the dilemma of preparing multiple assignments at once like homework, dissertation, thesis paper, research paper and more. Well, you can be sure that your prayers have been heard, as MyAssignmenthelp.com is here to salvage your academic performance.
Forex trading is an art and it takes a great deal of research and market know-how to earn profits in the trading world. Luckily, the emergence of automation into trades has simplified things for the traders. Today, people with no or very little trading knowledge can expect substantial returns subject to they know how to get the most out of the available tools. forex steam - the best and cheapest forex ea

 Wordy pen | 05.08.2019, 11:11 #
This topic is so interesting. Thanks to this thread, I now know something from this topic. I also find the shared information very important.
Read How to whiten your teeth naturally.
 Kelsey | 05.08.2019, 11:12 #
Thanks for taking the time to discuss this, I feel strongly about it and love learning more on this topic.
Get best Contract Lifecycle Management Software.
 life insurance mortgage | 05.08.2019, 13:50 #
These plans are designed to help interested homebuyers realize their dream of owning a home of their own through affordable monthly premiums.
life insurance mortgage
 Roose Aana | 09.08.2019, 09:44 #
Thanks for Sharing the useful and informative information. I am regular user of your website, I am also a blogger, writing reviews and rating on different different website, If you want to check reviews and rating about assignment help websites please check Complete My Assignment Reviews, please read here.
 John Lay | 09.08.2019, 09:46 #
This is one of the best websites that I’ve ever come across, all the content displayed is pretty unique and informative and from now onwards I’ll make it a point to go through the website regularly. I have a website on education category, If you want to read our article, please read the latest one on "Dissertation Helpers".
 robin jack | 14.08.2019, 07:24 #
If you forget Tumblr account password and you facing problem in opening your account, for Tumblr Password Reset you can use these steps, first, you have to visit the login page of Tumblr, there you will get the option of submitting the email/phone number that is linked to your account. Submit that information and then click on the Next button. After this, you will be receiving the recovery code to your email address which is associated with your Tumblr account. Enter that code in the space provided and click the next button. Now you will be allowed to create a new password for your account, Now click on the confirmation button and your password will be reset. By doing this, you will be able to reset the Tumblr password quickly.
 Assignment Help | 16.08.2019, 12:35 #
Your blog is very nice thank you for this wonderful information I like very much for this article.
<a href="https://www.allassignmenthelp.com/my-assignment-help.html"> My Assignment Help</a>
 Arpit Sharma | 17.08.2019, 07:02 #
I love to read this amazing post. I am impressed by the details that you have on this blog. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this post, will come back for more articles. Thanks a million and please keep up the gratifying work. Do you have any interest to write on some technical software then I’ll suggest you some important topic here: Travel Agency ERP
 BinaryToday | 22.08.2019, 15:32 #
BinaryToday 5 did the impossible. It changed the way that I feel about 5 minute expiry time trading. 
 william shell | 23.08.2019, 04:42 #
Hey, Your blog is very informative. It is nice to read such high-quality content. Attractive information on your blog, thank you for taking the time and share with us. Myassignmenthelp delivers high-quality content related to quality dissertation helper UK.
 Hotel Flora Fountain | 23.08.2019, 07:48 #
If you are looking out for the best hotel flora fountain in Gangtok then you must-visit Discovery hotel in Gangtok with tariff for the best experience. It is the hthe otel where you will get to enjoy all the luxury facilities that you are hunting fa a at very affordable price. [url=http://www.hotelflorafountain.in/]Hotels in Gangtok near MG Road
[/url]
 Avengers Captain Marvel Jacket | 23.08.2019, 12:31 #
Thank for sharing article such a great informative post.
<ahref="https://www.williamjacket.com/product/captain-marvel-carol-danvers-jacket/"> Avengers Captain Marvel Jacket </a>
Ваши данные: *  
Имя:

Комментарий: *  
Прикрепить файл  
 


zagluwka
advanced
Отправить
На главную
Beta