12 самых распространённых национальностей в Америке

Тема
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12 самых распространённых национальностей в Америке  

Большинство людей, живущих в Соединённых штатах, являются потомками европейских иммигрантов, прибывших в начале 17 века.

Бюро переписи США определяет происхождение как «этническое происхождение человека или его «корни», или наследие, или место его рождения, или место рождения его родителей или предков до того, как они прибыли в США».

12 место: шведы – 4,088,555

В 19-м веке шведская эмиграция в Соединённые штаты в значительной степени была обусловлена экономическим развитием.

С 1851 по 1930 год более 1,2 миллиона шведов пересекли Атлантический океан, обустроив свои фермерские дворы на Западе. На рубеже веков, однако, многие шведы перебрались в городские центры в поисках рабочих мест в промышленности.

11 место: норвежцы – 4,470,081

Норвежская эмиграция достигла своего пика в период конца 19-го века и первого десятилетия 20 века.

Между 1880 и 1893 годами, норвежская эмиграция была второй по величине в Европе после Ирландии.

10 место: голландцы – 4,645,906

Нью-Йорк (первоначально Новый Амстердам) был создан голландским иммигрантом в начале 17 века. Хотя в 18 веке иммиграция голландцев замедлилась, после окончания Второй мировой в Америку устремилась новая их волна.

В числе знаменитых голландцев Томас Эдисон и Теодор Рузвельт.

9 место: шотландцы – 5,460,679

Более одного миллиона шотландцев в 19 веке уехали в Соединённые штаты, многие из которых искали работу в морском судоходстве. Шотландские иммигранты продолжали прибывать и в 1920-х годах, особенно когда в Шотландии ухудшились экономические условия.

8 место: французы – 8,761,677

Исторически сложилось так, что число иммигрантов из Франции было меньше, чем из других европейских стран. Цифры могут быть ниже, поскольку Бюро переписи населения США более конкретно определяет франко-американцев как французских канадцев.

7 место: поляки – 9,569,207

Поляко-американцы являются крупнейшей славянской группой в США и представляют собой одних из самых ранних колонистов в Новом свете.

Иммиграция достигла новых высот в период с середины 19-го века и Первой мировой войны, когда в Соединённые штаты въехали примерно 2,5 миллиона поляков.

6 место: итальянцы – 17,250,211

Между 1880 и 1920 годами более четырёх миллионов итальянских иммигрантов (в основном крестьяне из Южной Италии) прибыли в Соединённые штаты.

Иммигранты сформировали «маленькие Италии» во многих северо-восточных городах, а также в отдаленных районах штатов Калифорния и Луизиана. По мере того, как эти сообщества росли и развивались, итальянская еда, развлечения и музыка оказали большое влияние на американскую жизнь и культуру.

После Второй мировой войны, которая подтвердила лояльность итало-американцев в отношении США, в страну прибыла другая большая волна иммигрантов.

5 место: американцы – 19,975,875

Многие люди разных европейских национальностей, или те, кто знает своё происхождение только частично, называют своё происхождение как «американцы».

Число таких людей более чем удвоилось с 1990 года, когда 12.4 миллиона граждан сообщали о таком своём происхождении.

4 место: англичане – 25,927,345

Число людей, которые сообщают о своих английских корнях, с 1980 года сократилось как минимум на 20 миллионов, отчасти потому, что больше граждан английского происхождения стали причислять себя к «американцам».

3 место: мексиканцы – 32,929,683

В период с 1990 по 2000 год количество людей, которые сообщили о себе, как имеющих мексиканское происхождение, выросло почти в два раза.

2 место: ирландцы – 34,670,009

Великий голод 1840-х годов вызвал массовый исход из Ирландии.

С 1820 по 1920 годы примерно 4,5 миллионов ирландцев переехали в США, многие из которых обосновались в крупных городах вроде Нью-Йорка, Бостона, Филадельфии, Чикаго и Сан-Франциско.

1 место: немцы – 47,911,129

Крупнейшая волна немцев из-за гражданских беспорядков и высокой безработицы дома  прибыла в Америку в середине 19 века.

Источник


Дата публикации: 16.04.2012
Добавил: ava  oxana.sher
Просмотров: 5078
Комментарии
[-]
ava
No nick | 24.05.2012, 19:01 #

 Интересно.

ava
No nick | 28.05.2012, 10:26 #

 На мой взгляд, это очень печальная статистика, когда коренные народы оказываются в незначительном меньшинстве в своей собственной стране. Это произошло потому, что западно-европейские иммигранты решили, что территория местных индейцев вместе с природными богатствами должна принадлежать только им. И если местное население оказывает этому сопротивление, то оно должно быть уничтожено. Так произошло не только в Америках-Северной и Южной, но и в Австралии. Хотя в последней европейские иммигранты принесли извинение остаткам местного населения. В США, например, такого извинения никто приносить не собирается.

ava
No nick | 29.05.2012, 09:35 #

 А где русские?Мы расползлись по всему миру в таком огромном количестве,что во всех странах должны быть на 1 месте.

ava
No nick | 30.05.2012, 12:31 #

 Это точно!Расползлись как тараканы.Я думаю,скоро Путин поставит "железный заслон",как при СССР.Но только с одним условием:хочешь выехать-плати,а нет денег-сиди и кукуй здесь.

ava
No nick | 01.06.2012, 13:25 #

 Не пойму,столько негров в Америке.А где они?Или все они фигурируют под другой нацией?

ava
No nick | 03.06.2012, 14:11 #

 Какой ты неграмотный,даже не знаешь,что негры не нация.Да их много,но разной национальности.Их объеденяет лишь общая зависть к успехам белых и их богатству.Хотя некоторые выбились в люди.

ava
No nick | 09.06.2012, 20:51 #

 Ну почему тогда не написали столько то гаитян,столько то нигерийцев и т.д.Думаю их не меньше чем норвежцев,поляков и т.д.

ava
No nick | 12.06.2012, 12:35 #

Так кореспонденты опрашивали людей по-английски, но французскоговорящие нелегальные гаитянцы по всей видимости не хотели чтобы их вписали куда либо.

ava
No nick | 18.06.2012, 06:12 #

 Данные, скорее всего, ложные. Дэза, похоже умышленная. Если бы было столько немцев, то их язык был бы уже преобладающим.

ava
No nick | 18.06.2012, 16:54 #

 Самые расово ценные этносы в США - это англичане, ирландцы, шотландцы, немцы, шведы, норвежцы, датчане и голландцы. Французы и итальянцы вроде многие уже вернулись обратно домой.Так статистика говорит.

ava
No nick | 24.06.2012, 13:03 #

 Какое это имеет значение сколько их,главное,что живут нормально люди и радуются.И нечего им завидовать.

 Царь | 18.08.2015, 09:37 #
"Завидовать"?? - Ха-ха-ха!
Уморил, клоун...
Было бы чему завидовать !
 Den | 18.08.2015, 09:45 #
Ну ты ебанашка.. Американцы самые несчастные люди, ибо у них за малейшую провинность в тюрьму садят на тридцать лет ! И более.
 Царь | 18.08.2015, 09:34 #
Иди ты на х*й ! Мы п*дорам не завидуем !
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